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On detection of anomalous routing dynamics in BGP

  • Author(s): Zhang, Ke
  • Yen, Amy
  • Zhao, X L
  • Massey, D
  • Wu, Felix S
  • Zhang, L
  • et al.
Abstract

BCP, the de facto inter-domain routing protocol, is the core component of current Internet infrastructure. BGP traffic deserves thorough exploration, since abnormal BGP routing dynamics could impair global Internet connectivity and stability. In this paper, two methods, signature-based detection and statistics-based detection, are designed and implemented to detect BGP anomalous routing dynamics in BGP UPDATEs. Signature-based detection utilizes a set of fixed patterns to search and identify routing anomalies. For the statistics-based detection, we devise five measures to model BCP UPDATEs traffic. In the training phase, the detector is trained to learn the expected behaviors of BGP from the historical long-term BGP UPDATEs dataset. It then examines the test dataset to detect "anomalies" in the testing phase. An anomaly is flagged when the tested behavior significantly differs from the expected behaviors. We have applied these two approaches to examine the BGP data collected by RIPE-NCC servers for a number of IP prefixes. Through manual analysis, we specify possible causes of some detected anomalies. Finally, comparing the two approaches, we highlight the advantages and limitations of each. While our evaluation is still preliminary, we have demonstrated that, by combining both signature-based and statistics-based anomaly detection approaches, our system can effectively and accurately identify certain BGP events that are worthy of further investigation.

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