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Effects of q-profile structures on intrinsic torque reversals

  • Author(s): Lu, ZX
  • Wang, WX
  • Diamond, PH
  • Tynan, G
  • Ethier, S
  • Chen, J
  • Gao, C
  • Rice, JE
  • et al.
Abstract

© 2015 IAEA, Vienna Printed in the UK. Changes in rotation have been observed in LHCD experiments. From these observations, reversals in intrinsic torque have been inferred. This paper identifies the mechanism for intrinsic torque reversal linked to magnetic shear (͉). Gyrokinetic simulations demonstrate that as compared to the normal ͉ case, the intrinsic torque reverses, for ͉ < ͉crit. Analysis shows that the reversal occurs due to the dominance of the symmetry breaking mechanism in residual stress due to the synergy of toroidal coupling and the intensity gradient. This mechanism is a consequence of ballooning structure at weak ͉. Gyrokinetic simulation gives ͉crit ≈ 0.3 for trapped electron modes (TEM) and ͉crit ≈ 1.1 for ion temperature gradient (ITG) modes. The value of ͉crit is consistent with results from the Alcator C-Mod LHCD experiments, for which ͉ > 0 in the whole plasma column and ͉crit ≈ 0.2 ∼ 0.3 exp (Rice et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 125003).

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