Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine
A Case of Central Venous Sinus Thrombosis in a Young Woman
- Author(s): Delahanty, Liam F.
- Parker, Timothy G.
- et al.
Altered mental status is a common symptom in emergency department evaluations and may be present in as many as four to ten percent of patients. The etiology can be difficult to determine without significant evidence from laboratory, radiographic and physical examination. The diagnostic approach is largely driven by the provider’s clinical judgment based on the available history. Consequently, less-common diagnoses can be easily missed or delayed if a reasonable suspicion does not exist when considering possible causes. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is one such uncommon, seldom-considered disease that carries a significant morbidity and mortality. Its clinical presentations vary and it disproportionally affects young to middle-aged individuals. Knowledge of the disease, particularly the risk factors, is key to making the diagnosis. We will discuss the case of a patient who presented with CVST and intraparenchymal hemorrhage in a resource-limited environment.