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Fluorescent biological aerosol particles: Concentrations, emissions, and exposures in a northern California residence.

  • Author(s): Tian, Y
  • Liu, Y
  • Misztal, PK
  • Xiong, J
  • Arata, CM
  • Goldstein, AH
  • Nazaroff, WW
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12461
Abstract

Residences represent an important site for bioaerosol exposure. We studied bioaerosol concentrations, emissions, and exposures in a single-family residence in northern California with 2 occupants using real-time instrumentation during 2 monitoring campaigns (8 weeks during August-October 2016 and 5 weeks during January-March 2017). Time- and size-resolved fluorescent biological aerosol particles (FBAP) and total airborne particles were measured in real time in the kitchen using an ultraviolet aerodynamic particle sizer (UVAPS). Time-resolved occupancy status, household activity data, air-change rates, and spatial distribution of size-resolved particles were also determined throughout the house. Occupant activities strongly influenced indoor FBAP levels. Indoor FBAP concentrations were an order of magnitude higher when the house was occupied than when the house was vacant. Applying an integral material-balance approach, geometric mean of total FBAP emissions from human activities observed to perturb indoor levels were in the range of 10-50 million particles per event. During the summer and winter campaigns, occupants spent an average of 10 and 8.5 hours per day, respectively, awake and at home. During these hours, the geometric mean daily-averaged FBAP exposure concentration (1-10 μm diameter) was similar for each subject at 40 particles/L for summer and 29 particles/L for winter.

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