Modeling Single and Two-Phase Transport in Thin Porous Layers Using a Composite Continuum-Pore Network Formulation
Published Web Locationhttp://doi.org/10.1149/ma2020-02533843mtgabs
In this work, a composite continuum-pore network formulation is presented to model single and two-phase transport thin porous layers, such as gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) and active electrodes in redox flow batteries (RFBs). The formulation can be integrated into CFD codes, thus combining the ease of implementation of continuum-based modeling and the computational power of pore-network modeling. The composite model includes a control volume (CV) mesh at the layer scale, which embeds a cubic pore network [1,2]. The pore-network model is used to determine analytically local anisotropic effective transport properties (local effective diffusivity and permeability), which are mapped onto the CV mesh to simulate transport in the porous transport layer [3,4]. Good agreement is found between the predicted global effective transport properties (global effective diffusivity and permeability) under dry and wet conditions and previous experimental data reported in the literature for Toray TGP-H series carbon paper. Water saturation distributions are also compared with results obtained using X-ray computed tomography .  P.A. García-Salaberri, I.V. Zenyuk, J.T. Gostick, A.Z. Weber, Modeling Gas Diffusion Layer in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells Using a Continuum-Based Pore-Network Formulation, ECS Trans. 97 (2020) 615.  P.A. García-Salaberri, Modeling diffusion and convection in thin porous transport layers using a composite continuum-network model: Application to gas diffusion layers in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Int J. Heat Mass Transf. (2020), submitted.  P.A. García-Salaberri, J.T. Gostick, G. Hwang, A.Z. Weber, M. Vera, Effective diffusivity in partially-saturated carbon-fiber gas diffusion layers: Effect of local saturation and application to macroscopic continuum models, J. Power Sources 296 (2015) 440–453.  P.A. García-Salaberri, G. Hwang, M. Vera, A.Z. Weber, J.T. Gostick, Effective diffusivity in partially-saturated carbon-fiber gas diffusion layers: Effect of through-plane saturation distribution, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 86 (2015) 319–333.