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Missed Opportunities for HIV Screening of New Enrollees in California's Low Income Health Program.

  • Author(s): Ling Murtaugh, Kimberly
  • Leibowitz, Arleen
  • Chen, Xiao
  • Pourat, Nadereh
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://guilfordjournals.com/doi/abs/10.1521/aeap.2020.32.1.25
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

The objective of this study was to measure HIV screening rates and variables associated with screening among new enrollees in California's Low Income Health Program (LIHP). A logit model was used to estimate associations between HIV screening and enrollment, claims, and encounter data for enrollees. HIV prevalence among new LIHP enrollees was 1.2%xd. Among 42,550 new LIHP enrollees with no prior HIV diagnosis, only 27% received screening within 12 months of their first medical evaluation. A total of 350 new HIV diagnoses were identified (incidence rate of 0.8%), exceeding the 0.1% level at which the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends routine HIV screening. California reduced screening barriers by removing required written informed consent and pretest counseling; the Affordable Care Act (ACA) eliminated cost-sharing and enhanced access. Removing financial and administrative barriers to HIV screening is necessary, but may be insufficient to reach CDC's recommended screening targets.

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