Superconductivity in a doped valley coherent insulator in magic angle graphene: Goldstone-mediated pairing and Kohn-Luttinger mechanism
We consider magic angle graphene in the doping regime around charge neutrality and study the connection between a recently proposed inter-valley coherent insulator at zero doping and the neighboring superconducting domes. The breaking of the valley U(1) symmetry leads to massless Goldstone modes, which couple to the doped charge carriers. We derive the effective interaction between these Goldstone modes and the conduction electrons and study its role in mediating superconductivity. Combining it with the screened Coulomb potential, we find weak-coupling superconducting instabilities in the two-component p- and d-wave channels. The competition between the two channels is set by the distance between the bilayer graphene device and the metallic gates. We find that the p-wave instability originates from the attraction mediated by the Goldstone modes, while the d-wave pairing is caused purely by the screened Coulomb interaction, similarly to the Kohn-Luttinger mechanism.