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Outcomes of periacetabular osteotomy for borderline hip dysplasia in adolescent patients.

  • Author(s): Swarup, Ishaan;
  • Zaltz, Ira;
  • Robustelli, Stacy;
  • Sink, Ernest
  • et al.
Abstract

Treatment of borderline acetabular dysplasia (lateral center edge angle ≥18°) remains controversial, and there is a paucity of literature focusing on outcomes in adolescent patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) as surgical management of borderline acetabular dysplasia in adolescent patients. We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data and included patients ≤ 21 years of age that underwent PAO for borderline acetabular dysplasia. All patients had a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Outcomes were assessed using modified Harris Hip Scores (mHHS), Hip Outcome Scores (HOS) and international Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33). Descriptive and univariate statistical analyses were performed. This study included 33 adolescent patients (35 hips) with symptomatic, borderline acetabular dysplasia. The majority of patients was female (32 patients, 97%); half of all patients reported a history of hip pain for over 1 year; and seven patients had previous hip arthroscopy. In addition to PAO, seven hips (20%) underwent a concurrent hip arthroscopy at the time of surgery. There were significant improvements in mean mHHS, HOS-activities of daily living (ADL), HOS-Sport and iHOT-33 scores after surgery (P < 0.01). Minimal clinically important difference in outcome scores was achieved for over 90% of patients at a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Borderline acetabular dysplasia is a major cause of hip pain in adolescent patients. Patients with symptomatic borderline acetabular dysplasia report a significant benefit after a PAO to correct structural hip instability.

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