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Femtosecond Laser Trabeculotomy in Perfused Human Cadaver Anterior Segments: A Novel, Noninvasive Approach to Glaucoma Treatment.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1167/tvst.11.3.28
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate femtosecond laser trabeculotomy (FLT) in a clinically relevant manner (i.e., delivering the surgical laser beam through the cornea of the intact, human anterior segment to create channels from the anterior chamber into the Schlemm's canal) and to investigate the effect of this treatment on intraocular pressure in perfused human anterior segments.
MethodsPerfused human anterior segments (15 eyes) received either FLT treatment (n = 8) or a sham-treatment (n = 7). Intraocular pressure (IOP) in the perfused samples was recorded before and after treatment. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography, second harmonic generation imaging, and transmission electron microscopy were used to investigate the FLT channels.
ResultsThe FLT group (n = 7, 1 eye excluded) had a statistically significant reduction in mean IOP of 20.2% from baseline after treatment (5.06 ± 1.46 mm Hg to 4.04 ± 1.63 mm Hg; P < 0.0005), whereas the control group (n = 7) remained statistically unchanged (7.72 ± 3.45 mm Hg to 7.78 ± 3.51 mm Hg; P < 0.71). Imaging confirmed that the channels traversed the entire trabecular meshwork into the Schlemm's canal.
ConclusionsThis study has provided the first direct evidence supporting the feasibility of clinically applicable, noninvasive femtosecond laser trabeculotomy for the treatment of glaucoma. Various imaging modalities revealed minimal collateral damage to adjacent issues.
Translational relevanceThis work demonstrates noninvasive femtosecond laser trabeculotomy in a laboratory setting that is clinically relevant.
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