Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Berkeley

UC Berkeley Previously Published Works bannerUC Berkeley

Chloride-Assisted Corrosion of Copper and Protection by Benzotriazole.


The structure and composition of copper surfaces in aqueous solutions of benzotriazole (BTAH) and NaCl was investigated by sum frequency vibrational spectroscopy as a function of concentration and bias during cyclic voltammetry experiments. We found that the protection provided by the BTAH films formed at the copper surface is effective for negative bias voltages below the open circuit potential (OCP) but not at positive voltages where Cl- displaces BTAH. By measuring the Gibbs adsorption energy of BTAH and Cl-, we found that a particularly stable Cl- structure is formed around the OCP, suggesting that electronegative additives that move the OCP to higher negative values can improve BTAH protection, which we confirmed by the addition of a negatively charged sodium dodecyl sulfate surfactant.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View