Characterization of the SEI on a carbon film electrode by combined EQCM and spectroscopic
The electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) and cyclic voltammetry have been applied simultaneously to characterize electron-beam deposited carbon film electrodes in LiClO4 or LiPF6-containing mixed electrolytes of ethylene carbonate (EC) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC). The structure of the carbon electrode was found to be amorphous/disordered using Raman spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry in LiClO4 / EC+DMC demonstrated features typical of Li intercalation/deintercalation into/from the disordered carbon electrode, and EQCM showed a corresponding mass increase/decrease. Contrary to the case of LiClO4 / EC+DMC electrolyte, LiPF6/EC+DMC electrolyte showed no Li deintercalation out of the thin-film carbon electrode. Combined EQCM and spectroscopic ellipsometry data were compared, and the solid electrolyte interphase density after the first cycle in LiClO4 /EC+DMC was estimated to be 1.3 g/cm3.