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The frequency of malaria is similar among women receiving either lopinavir/ritonavir or nevirapine-based antiretroviral treatment.

  • Author(s): Skinner-Adams, Tina S;
  • Butterworth, Alice S;
  • Porter, Kimberly A;
  • D'Amico, Ronald;
  • Sawe, Fred;
  • Shaffer, Doug;
  • Siika, Abraham;
  • Hosseinipour, Mina C;
  • Stringer, Elizabeth;
  • Currier, Judith S;
  • Chipato, Tsungai;
  • Salata, Robert;
  • Lockman, Shahin;
  • Eron, Joseph J;
  • Meshnick, Steven R;
  • McCarthy, James S
  • Editor(s): Tripathy, Srikanth Prasad
  • et al.

HIV protease inhibitors (PIs) show antimalarial activity in vitro and in animals. Whether this translates into a clinical benefit in HIV-infected patients residing in malaria-endemic regions is unknown. We studied the incidence of malaria, as defined by blood smear positivity or a positive Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2 antigen test, among 444 HIV-infected women initiating antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the OCTANE trial (A5208; NCT00089505). Participants were randomized to treatment with PI-containing vs. PI-sparing ART, and were followed prospectively for ≥48 weeks; 73% also received cotrimoxazole prophylaxis. PI-containing treatment was not associated with protection against malaria in this study population.

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