Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Junction Plasmon Driven Population Inversion of Molecular Vibrations: A Picosecond Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy Study.


Molecular surface-enhanced Raman spectra recorded at single plasmonic nanojunctions using a 7 ps pulse train exhibit vibrational up-pumping and population inversion. The process is assigned to plasmon-driven, dark, impulsive electron-vibration (e-v) excitation. Both optical (Raman) pumping and hot-electron mediated excitation can be rejected by the characteristic spectra, which allow the simultaneous measurement of vibrational temperature of the molecules and electronic temperature of the metal. Vibrational populations are determined from anti-Stokes to Stokes intensity ratios, while the electron temperature is obtained from the anti-Stokes branch of the electronic Raman scattering continuum. Population inversion survives in high-frequency vibrations that effectively decouple from the metal.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View