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Maturation of ventilatory responses to 1-minute exercise.

  • Author(s): Armon, Y
  • Cooper, DM
  • Zanconato, S
  • et al.

To test the hypothesis that ventilatory responses to exercise mature during growth in healthy children, we examined CO2 production (VCO2) and minute ventilation (VE) before, during, and for 10 min after 1-min bursts of cycle ergometry exercise. Ten children (range: 7-11 y old) and 13 adults (26-42 y old) exercised at work rates corresponding to 50 and 80% of the anaerobic or lactate threshold, 50% of the difference between anaerobic threshold and maximum O2 consumption, 100% of maximum O2 consumption, and 125% of maximum O2 consumption (125% max). Gas exchange was measured breath by breath. Children recovered faster from high-intensity (above anaerobic threshold) exercise as judged by the time constant of single exponential curve-fits to postexercise VCO2 [55 +/- 10 s (1 SD) at 125%. max in children compared with 92 +/- 17 s at 125% max in adults; p less than 0.001] and VE (58 +/- 10 s at 125% max in children compared with 125 +/- 37 s in adults, p less than 0.001). Although we found no significant difference between VCO2 and VE recovery times in children, VE was significantly slower than VCO2 in adults for high-intensity exercise. Moreover, recovery times in adults increased with work intensity but were independent of them in children. Whereas the CO2 costs [calculated as total CO2 produced above baseline per unit work done (mL.J-1)] increased with work intensity in adults, no similar significant relationship was observed in children.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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