Maturation of ventilatory responses to 1-minute exercise.
- Author(s): Armon, Y;
- Cooper, DM;
- Zanconato, S
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1203/00006450-199104000-00007
To test the hypothesis that ventilatory responses to exercise mature during growth in healthy children, we examined CO2 production (VCO2) and minute ventilation (VE) before, during, and for 10 min after 1-min bursts of cycle ergometry exercise. Ten children (range: 7-11 y old) and 13 adults (26-42 y old) exercised at work rates corresponding to 50 and 80% of the anaerobic or lactate threshold, 50% of the difference between anaerobic threshold and maximum O2 consumption, 100% of maximum O2 consumption, and 125% of maximum O2 consumption (125% max). Gas exchange was measured breath by breath. Children recovered faster from high-intensity (above anaerobic threshold) exercise as judged by the time constant of single exponential curve-fits to postexercise VCO2 [55 +/- 10 s (1 SD) at 125%. max in children compared with 92 +/- 17 s at 125% max in adults; p less than 0.001] and VE (58 +/- 10 s at 125% max in children compared with 125 +/- 37 s in adults, p less than 0.001). Although we found no significant difference between VCO2 and VE recovery times in children, VE was significantly slower than VCO2 in adults for high-intensity exercise. Moreover, recovery times in adults increased with work intensity but were independent of them in children. Whereas the CO2 costs [calculated as total CO2 produced above baseline per unit work done (mL.J-1)] increased with work intensity in adults, no similar significant relationship was observed in children.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)