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A deletion at the Lpx-B1 locus is associated with low lipoxygenase activity and improved pasta color in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum)

  • Author(s): Carrera, A;
  • Echenique, V;
  • Zhang, W;
  • Helguera, M;
  • Manthey, F;
  • Schrager, A;
  • Picca, A;
  • Cervigni, G;
  • Dubcovsky, J
  • et al.

The concentration of yellow carotenoid pigments in durum wheat grain is an important quality criterion and is determined both by their accumulation and by their degradation by lipoxygenase enzymes (Lpx loci). The existence of a duplication at the Lpx-B1 locus and the allelic variation for a deletion of the Lpx-B1.1 copy is reported. This deletion was associated with a 4.5-fold reduction in lipoxygenase activity and improved pasta color (P<0.0001) but not semolina color, suggesting reduced pigment degradation during pasta processing. A molecular marker for the deletion was mapped on chromosome 4B in a population obtained from the cross between durum line UC1113 and variety Kofa. A second lipoxygenase locus, designated Lpx-A3, was mapped on the homoeologous region on chromosome 4A and was associated with semolina and pasta color (P<0.01) but not with lipoxygenase activity in the mature grain. Selection for both the UC1113 allele for Lpx-A3 and the Kofa Lpx-B1.1 deletion resulted in a 10% increase in yellow scores for dry pasta relative to the opposite allele combination. This result indicates that the markers and the new allelic variants reported here will be useful tools to manipulate the wheat Lpx loci and to improve pasta color.

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