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The human LT system. IV. Studies on the large MW LT complex class: association of these molecules with specific antigen binding receptor(s) in vitro.

  • Author(s): Hiserodt, JC;
  • Yamamoto, RS;
  • Granger, GA
  • et al.

The present studies demonstrate that a portion of lymphotoxin (LT) cell-lytic activity present in supernatants from: 1) lectin (Con A, PHA) stimulated nonimmune; or 2) antigen (soluble or cellular) stimulated immune human lymphocytes in vitro, is associated with immunoglobulin (Ig) or "Ig-like" receptor molecule(s). This concept was supported by three findings: 1) LT activity in these supernatants was partially inhibited by heterologous anti-human (IgG) Fab′2 antisera; 2) LT activity present in soluble antigen stimulated immune human lymphocyte supernatants could specifically bind to and be eluted from Sepharose 4B columns to which the specific stimulating antigen was covalently attached; and 3) LT activity present in primary one-way mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) supernatants could be removed by absorption on the specific stimulator cells. The amount of total LT activity found to be associated with "Ig" in these supernatants was variable, but ranged from 5 to 20% in lectin stimulated cell supernatants to 20 to 50% in antigen or MLC stimulated supernatants. Physical-chemical studies on the molecular weight class of LT molecules having reactivity with anti-Fab′2 sera, as well as antigen binding capacity, revealed these properties reside in the large (>200,000) MW LT class, termed complex. The nature and biological significance of these "antigen specific" LT complexes, as they relate to mechanisms of cytotoxicity in vitro, will be discussed. © 1978.

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