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Towards artificial Ising spin glasses: Thermal ordering in randomized arrays of Ising-type nanomagnets

  • Author(s): Saccone, M;
  • Scholl, A;
  • Velten, S;
  • Dhuey, S;
  • Hofhuis, K;
  • Wuth, C;
  • Huang, YL;
  • Chen, Z;
  • Chopdekar, RV;
  • Farhan, A
  • et al.
Abstract

We explore the thermodynamics in two-dimensional arrays consisting of Ising-type nanomagnets lithographically arranged onto random sites and angular orientations. Introducing these basic spin-glass ingredients, we study the characteristic features of the low-energy states achieved, following thermal-annealing protocols. From direct visualization of real-time dynamics, we record relaxation timescales together with magnetic susceptibility variations over temperature, revealing trends towards short-range order as randomness is increased, but falling short of pure spin-glass behavior. Our work provides a route towards the realization of artificial Ising spin-glass systems.

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