Are Sex Offenders Moving into Social Disorganization? Analyzing the Residential Mobility of California Parolees
- Author(s): Hipp, JR
- Turner, S
- Jannetta, J
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0022427810381093
This study focuses on the relationship between returning offender residential mobility and neighborhood structural factors characteristic of socially disorganized neighborhoods. It uses a unique data set that combines information on parolees released in the state of California during the 2005-2006 time period with their geocoded addresses to view the types of neighborhoods they are moving to. The authors find that sex offenders are entering neighborhoods with more concentrated disadvantage and residential instability upon reentry from prison and upon subsequent moves. This effect for sex offender status is particularly strong for whites and Latinos, leading them into more socially disorganized neighborhoods. The authors also find that sex offenders are more likely to enter neighborhoods with more minorities as measured by Latinos and African Americans and less likely to enter neighborhoods with more whites. © The Author(s) 2010.