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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Multicast Networks With Variable-Length Limited Feedback

  • Author(s): Liu, Xiaoyi
  • Koyuncu, Erdem
  • Jafarkhani, Hamid
  • et al.

© 2014 IEEE. We investigate the channel quantization problem for two-user multicast networks where the transmitter is equipped with multiple antennas and either receiver is equipped with only a single antenna. Our goal is to design a global quantizer to minimize the outage probability. It is known that any fixed-length quantizer with a finite-cardinality codebook cannot obtain the same minimum outage probability as the case where all nodes in the network know perfect channel state information (CSI). To achieve the minimum outage probability, we propose a variable-length global quantizer that knows perfect CSI and sends quantized CSI to the transmitter and receivers. With a random infinite-cardinality codebook, we prove that the proposed quantizer is able to achieve the minimum outage probability with a low average feedback rate. We also extend the proposed quantizer to the multicast networks with more than two users. Numerical simulations validate our theoretical analysis.

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