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KALOHA:  ike  i ke ALOHA

  • Author(s): Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.
  • et al.

A new family of channel-access schemes  called KALOHA  (for ``Knowledge in ALOHA") is introduced.  KALOHA consists of modifying the pure ALOHA  protocol  by  endowing nodes with knowledge regarding the local times when packets  and acknowledgments are received,  and sharing  estimates of channel utilization at the medium access control (MAC) layer. The only physical-layer feedback needed   in KALOHA is the reception of  correct data packets and their ACKs. A  simple Markov-chain model is used  to  compare the throughput of KALOHA with ALOHA and slotted ALOHA. The analysis takes into account the amount of knowledge that nodes have and  the  effect of  acknowledgments and turnaround latencies.  The results  demonstrate the  benefits  derived from using  and sharing knowledge of channel utilization at the MAC layer.  KALOHA is more stable  than ALOHA and attains  more than double  the throughput of  ALOHA,  without the need for carrier sensing, requiring time slotting at the physical layer, or using other physical-layer mechanisms.

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