Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UC San Francisco Previously Published Works bannerUCSF

Inhibition of yes‐associated protein down‐regulates PD‐L1 (CD274) expression in human malignant pleural mesothelioma


Although tumour PD-L1 (CD274) expression had been used as a predictive biomarker in checkpoint immunotherapy targeting the PD1/PD-L1 axis in various cancers, the regulation of PD-L1 (CD274) expression is unclear. Yes-associated protein (YAP), an important oncogenic protein in Hippo signalling pathway, reportedly promotes cancer development. We investigated whether inhibition of YAP down-regulates PD-L1 (CD274) in human malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Western blotting showed that 2 human MPM cell lines (H2052 and 211H) had increased PD-L1 protein expression compared to H290, MS-1 and H28 cells. In H2052 and 211H cells, PD-L1 mRNA expression was significantly increased compared to other MPM cell lines; YAP knockdown by small interfering RNA decreased PD-L1 protein and mRNA expression. Forced overexpression of the YAP gene increased PD-L1 protein expression in H2452 cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay showed the precipitation of PD-L1 enhancer region encompassing 2 putative YAP-TEAD-binding sites in H2052 cells. We found that, in human MPM tissue microarray samples, YAP and PD-L1 concurrently expressed in immunohistochemistry stain (n = 70, P < .05, chi-square). We conclude that PD-L1 is correlated with YAP expression, and inhibition of YAP down-regulates PD-L1 expression in human MPM. Further study of how YAP regulates PD-L1 in MPM is warranted.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View