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Implementation and application of the peak scaling method for temperature measurement in the laser heated diamond anvil cell

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A new design for a double-sided high-pressure diamond anvil cell laser heating set-up is described. The prototype is deployed at beamline 12.2.2 of the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. Our compact design features shortened mechanical lever arms, which results in more stable imaging optics, and thus more user friendly and more reliable temperature measurements based on pyrometry. A modification of the peak scaling method was implemented for pyrometry, including an iterative method to determine the absolute peak temperature, thus allowing for quasi-real time temperature mapping of the actual hotspot within a laser-heated diamond anvil cell without any assumptions on shape, size, and symmetry of the hotspot and without any assumptions to the relationship between fitted temperature and peak temperature. This is important since we show that the relationship between peak temperature and temperature obtained by fitting the Planck function against the thermal emission spectrum averaged over the entire hotspot is not constant but depends on variable fitting parameters (in particular, the size and position of the fitting window). The accuracy of the method is confirmed through measuring melting points of metal wires at ambient pressure. Having absolute temperature maps in real time allows for more differentiated analyses of laser heating experiments. We present such an example of the pressure variations within a heated hotspot of AgI at a loaded base pressure of 3.8 GPa.

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