Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Davis

UC Davis Previously Published Works bannerUC Davis

Neurodevelopment in new‐onset juvenile myoclonic epilepsy over the first 2 years

Published Web Location


Adults with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have subtle brain structural abnormalities in the frontothalamocortical network, poorer cognitive function, and worse long-term social outcomes, even when their seizures are controlled and/or remitted. The natural history of JME and development of abnormalities in brain structure and cognition from epilepsy onset has not been studied.


The maturational trajectories of cognitive and brain development were prospectively compared between 19 children with new-onset JME in the first 2 years after diagnosis and 57 healthy controls.


Cognitive abilities of children with JME were similar to or worse than healthy controls at baseline but failed to reach the competence level of healthy controls at follow-up across most of the tested cognitive abilities. Abnormal patterns of brain development, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging studies, were evident in children with JME and included attenuation of age-related decline in cortical volume, thickness, and surface area compared to typically developing children. The altered brain developmental trajectory in the JME group was evident in higher-association frontoparietotemporal brain regions (p < 0.05, corrected for multiple comparisons).


Children with JME have abnormal structural brain development and impaired cognitive development early in the course of their epilepsy.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View