Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Thirty-Six-Month Outcomes of a Generalist Paraprofessional Perinatal Home Visiting Intervention in South Africa on Maternal Health and Child Health and Development.

  • Author(s): Tomlinson, Mark
  • Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane
  • le Roux, Ingrid M
  • Youssef, Maryann
  • Nelson, Sandahl H
  • Scheffler, Aaron
  • Weiss, Robert E
  • O'Connor, Mary
  • Worthman, Carol M
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5111552/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Almost all pregnant women (98 %) in 24 Cape Town neighborhoods were randomized by neighborhood to (1) the standard care (SC) condition (n = 12 neighborhoods; n = 594 pregnant women) or (2) the Philani Intervention Program (PIP) in which home visits by Community Health Workers (CHW) were conducted (n = 12 neighborhoods; n = 644 pregnant women). At 36 months post-birth (84.6 % follow-up), PIP mothers were significantly less depressed compared to the SC mothers. Children in PIP were significantly less likely to be stunted (24.3 vs 18.1 %, p = 0.013), to have better vocabularies, and were less likely to be hospitalized than children in the SC condition. These data suggest home visits may need to continue for several years post-birth. Sustainable, scalable perinatal intervention models are needed in LMIC.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item