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Phase Behavior and Electrochemical Characterization of Blends of Perfluoropolyether, Poly(ethylene glycol), and a Lithium Salt

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Electrolytes consisting of low molecular weight perfluoropolyether (PFPE), poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) blends were prepared and systematically studied for salt concentration and stoichiometry effects on the materials" thermal and electrochemical properties. Herein we report that the tunable ratios of PFPE and PEG allow for precise control of crystalline melting and glass transition temperature properties. These blended liquid polymer electrolytes are inherently nonflammable and remain stable in the amorphous phase from approximately 150 °C down to -85 °C. The ionic conductivity of the electrolytes are on the order of 10-4 S/cm at 30 °C, which makes them suitable for rechargeable lithium batteries.

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