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GIV•Kindlin Interaction Is Required for Kindlin-Mediated Integrin Recognition and Activation


Cells perceive and respond to the extracellular matrix via integrin receptors; their dysregulation has been implicated in inflammation and cancer metastasis. Here we show that a guanine nucleotide-exchange modulator of trimeric-GTPase Gαi, GIV (a.k.a Girdin), directly binds the integrin adaptor Kindlin-2. A non-canonical short linear motif within the C terminus of GIV binds Kindlin-2-FERM3 domain at a site that is distinct from the binding site for the canonical NPxY motif on the -integrin tail. Binding of GIV to Kindlin-2 allosterically enhances Kindlin-2's affinity for β1-integrin. Consequently, integrin activation and clustering are maximized, which augments cell adhesion, spreading, and invasion. Findings elucidate how the GIV•Kindlin-2 complex has a 2-fold impact: it allosterically synergizes integrin activation and enables β1-integrins to indirectly access and modulate trimeric GTPases via the complex. Furthermore, Cox proportional-hazard models on tumor transcriptomics provide trans-scale evidence of synergistic interactions between GIV•Kindlin-2•β1-integrin on time to progression to metastasis.

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