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Charged-particle pseudorapidity density at mid-rapidity in p–Pb collisions at √sNN = 8.16 TeV

  • Author(s): Acharya, S;
  • Acosta, FT;
  • Adamová, D;
  • Adhya, SP;
  • Adler, A;
  • Adolfsson, J;
  • Aggarwal, MM;
  • Rinella, GA;
  • Agnello, M;
  • Ahammed, Z;
  • Ahmad, S;
  • Ahn, SU;
  • Aiola, S;
  • Akindinov, A;
  • Al-Turany, M;
  • Alam, SN;
  • Albuquerque, DSD;
  • Aleksandrov, D;
  • Alessandro, B;
  • Alfanda, HM;
  • Molina, RA;
  • Ali, Y;
  • Alici, A;
  • Alkin, A;
  • Alme, J;
  • Alt, T;
  • Altenkamper, L;
  • Altsybeev, I;
  • Anaam, MN;
  • Andrei, C;
  • Andreou, D;
  • Andrews, HA;
  • Andronic, A;
  • Angeletti, M;
  • Anguelov, V;
  • Anson, C;
  • Antičić, T;
  • Antinori, F;
  • Antonioli, P;
  • Anwar, R;
  • Apadula, N;
  • Aphecetche, L;
  • Appelshäuser, H;
  • Arcelli, S;
  • Arnaldi, R;
  • Arratia, M;
  • Arsene, IC;
  • Arslandok, M;
  • Augustinus, A;
  • Averbeck, R;
  • Azmi, MD;
  • Badalà, A;
  • Baek, YW;
  • Bagnasco, S;
  • Bailhache, R;
  • Bala, R;
  • Baldisseri, A;
  • Ball, M;
  • Baral, RC;
  • Barbera, R;
  • Barioglio, L;
  • Barnaföldi, GG;
  • Barnby, LS;
  • Barret, V;
  • Bartalini, P;
  • Barth, K;
  • Bartsch, E;
  • Bastid, N;
  • Basu, S;
  • Batigne, G;
  • Batyunya, B;
  • Batzing, PC;
  • Bauri, D;
  • Bazo Alba, JL;
  • Bearden, IG;
  • Beck, H;
  • Bedda, C;
  • Behera, NK;
  • Belikov, I;
  • Bellini, F;
  • Martinez, HB;
  • Bellwied, R;
  • Beltran, LGE;
  • Belyaev, V;
  • Bencedi, G;
  • Beole, S;
  • Bercuci, A;
  • Berdnikov, Y;
  • Berenyi, D;
  • Bertens, RA;
  • Berzano, D;
  • Betev, L;
  • Bhasin, A;
  • Bhat, IR;
  • Bhatt, H;
  • Bhattacharjee, B;
  • Bianchi, A;
  • Bianchi, L;
  • Bianchi, N;
  • Bielčík, J
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-6801-9
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

The pseudorapidity density of charged particles, d N ch / d η, in p–Pb collisions has been measured at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon–nucleon pair of sNN = 8.16 TeV at mid-pseudorapidity for non-single-diffractive events. The results cover 3.6 units of pseudorapidity, | η| < 1.8. The d N ch / d η value is 19.1 ± 0.7 at | η| < 0.5. This quantity divided by ⟨ N part ⟩ / 2 is 4.73 ± 0.20 , where ⟨ N part ⟩ is the average number of participating nucleons, is 9.5% higher than the corresponding value for p–Pb collisions at sNN = 5.02 TeV. Measurements are compared with models based on different mechanisms for particle production. All models agree within uncertainties with data in the Pb-going side, while HIJING overestimates, showing a symmetric behaviour, and EPOS underestimates the p-going side of the d N ch / d η distribution. Saturation-based models reproduce the distributions well for η> - 1.3. The d N ch / d η is also measured for different centrality estimators, based both on the charged-particle multiplicity and on the energy deposited in the Zero-Degree Calorimeters. A study of the implications of the large multiplicity fluctuations due to the small number of participants for systems like p–Pb in the centrality calculation for multiplicity-based estimators is discussed, demonstrating the advantages of determining the centrality with energy deposited near beam rapidity.

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