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The GPIHBP1-LPL complex is responsible for the margination of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in capillaries.

  • Author(s): Goulbourne, Chris N
  • Gin, Peter
  • Tatar, Angelica
  • Nobumori, Chika
  • Hoenger, Andreas
  • Jiang, Haibo
  • Grovenor, Chris RM
  • Adeyo, Oludotun
  • Esko, Jeffrey D
  • Goldberg, Ira J
  • Reue, Karen
  • Tontonoz, Peter
  • Bensadoun, André
  • Beigneux, Anne P
  • Young, Stephen G
  • Fong, Loren G
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4143151/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) undergo lipolysis by lipoprotein lipase (LPL), an enzyme that is transported to the capillary lumen by an endothelial cell protein, GPIHBP1. For LPL-mediated lipolysis to occur, TRLs must bind to the lumen of capillaries. This process is often assumed to involve heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), but we suspected that TRL margination might instead require GPIHBP1. Indeed, TRLs marginate along the heart capillaries of wild-type but not Gpihbp1⁻/⁻ mice, as judged by fluorescence microscopy, quantitative assays with infrared-dye-labeled lipoproteins, and EM tomography. Both cell-culture and in vivo studies showed that TRL margination depends on LPL bound to GPIHBP1. Notably, the expression of LPL by endothelial cells in Gpihbp1⁻/⁻ mice did not restore defective TRL margination, implying that the binding of LPL to HSPGs is ineffective in promoting TRL margination. Our studies show that GPIHBP1-bound LPL is the main determinant of TRL margination.

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