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TANGLED1 mediates microtubule interactions that may promote division plane positioning in maize.

  • Author(s): Martinez, Pablo;
  • Dixit, Ram;
  • Balkunde, Rachappa S;
  • Zhang, Antonia;
  • O'Leary, Seán E;
  • Brakke, Kenneth A;
  • Rasmussen, Carolyn G
  • et al.
Abstract

The microtubule cytoskeleton serves as a dynamic structural framework for mitosis in eukaryotic cells. TANGLED1 (TAN1) is a microtubule-binding protein that localizes to the division site and mitotic microtubules and plays a critical role in division plane orientation in plants. Here, in vitro experiments demonstrate that TAN1 directly binds microtubules, mediating microtubule zippering or end-on microtubule interactions, depending on their contact angle. Maize tan1 mutant cells improperly position the preprophase band (PPB), which predicts the future division site. However, cell shape-based modeling indicates that PPB positioning defects are likely a consequence of abnormal cell shapes and not due to TAN1 absence. In telophase, colocalization of growing microtubules ends from the phragmoplast with TAN1 at the division site suggests that TAN1 interacts with microtubule tips end-on. Together, our results suggest that TAN1 contributes to microtubule organization to ensure proper division plane orientation.

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