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Use of Laurdan fluorescence in studying plasma membrane organization of polymorphonuclear leukocytes during the respiratory burst.

  • Author(s): Fiorini, R;
  • Curatola, G;
  • Kantar, A;
  • Giorgi, PL;
  • Gratton, E
  • et al.
Abstract

The changes in plasma membrane polarity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) during the activation of the respiratory burst were investigated by measuring the steady-state fluorescence emission spectra of 2-dimethylamino(6-lauroyl) naphthalene (Laurdan), which is known to be incorporated at the hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface of the bilayer, displaying spectral sensitivity to the polarity of its surroundings. Laurdan shows a marked steady-state emission blue shift in nonpolar solvents, with respect to polar solvents. Our results show a blue shift of the fluorescence emission spectra of Laurdan during activation of PMN with phorbol myristate acetate or N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine. These results suggest that the activation of the respiratory burst of PMN is accompanied by a decrease in polarity in the hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface of the plasma membrane.

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