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Open Access Publications from the University of California

In vivo deep tissue fluorescence imaging of the murine small intestine and colon

  • Author(s): Crosignani, V
  • Dvornikov, A
  • Aguilar, JS
  • Stringari, C
  • Edwards, R
  • Mantulin, W
  • Gratton, E
  • et al.

Published Web Location Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

Recently we described a novel technical approach with enhanced fluorescence detection capabilities in two-photon microscopy that achieves deep tissue imaging, while maintaining micron resolution. This technique was applied to in vivo imaging of murine small intestine and colon. Individuals with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), commonly presenting as Crohn's disease or Ulcerative Colitis, are at increased risk for developing colorectal cancer. We have developed a Giα2 gene knock out mouse IBD model that develops colitis and colon cancer. The challenge is to study the disease in the whole animal, while maintaining high resolution imaging at millimeter depth. In the Giα2-/- mice, we have been successful in imaging Lgr5-GFP positive stem cell reporters that are found in crypts of niche structures, as well as deeper structures, in the small intestine and colon at depths greater than 1mm. In parallel with these in vivo deep tissue imaging experiments, we have also pursued autofluorescence FLIM imaging of the colon and small intestine-at more shallow depths (roughly 160μm)- on commercial two photon microscopes with excellent structural correlation (in overlapping tissue regions) between the different technologies. © 2012 Copyright Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

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