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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Evidence of Multiple r-Process Sites in the Early Galaxy: New Observations of CS 22892-052.

  • Author(s): Sneden, C
  • Cowan, JJ
  • Ivans, II
  • Fuller, GM
  • Burles, S
  • Beers, TC
  • Lawler, JE
  • et al.

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First results are reported of a new abundance study of neutron-capture elements in the ultra-metal-poor (&sqbl0;Fe&solm0;H&sqbr0;=-3.1) halo field giant star CS 22892-052. Using new high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectra, abundances of more than 30 neutron-capture elements (Z>30) have been determined. Six elements in the 40/=56) stable neutron-capture elements in CS 22892-052 match well the scaled solar system r-process abundance distribution. From the observed Th abundance, an average age of approximately 16+/-4 Gyr is derived for CS 22892-052, consistent with the lower age limit of approximately 11 Gyr derived from the upper limit on the U abundance. The concordance of scaled solar r-process and CS 22892-052 abundances breaks down for the lighter neutron-capture elements, supporting previous suggestions that different r-process production sites are responsible for lighter and heavier neutron-capture elements.

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