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Free-standing metal-organic framework (MOF) monolayers by self-assembly of polymer-grafted nanoparticles.

  • Author(s): Barcus, Kyle
  • Cohen, Seth M
  • et al.
Abstract

We report a general method for the synthesis of free-standing, self-assembled MOF monolayers (SAMMs) at an air-water interface using polymer-brush coated MOF nanoparticles. UiO-66, UiO-66-NH2, and MIL-88B-NH2 were functionalized with a catechol-bound chain-transfer agent (CTA) to graft poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) from the surface of the MOF using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT). The polymer-coated MOFs were self-assembled at the air-water interface into monolayer films ∼250 nm thick and capable of self-supporting at a total area of 40 mm2. Mixed-particle films were prepared through the assembly of MOF mixtures, while multilayer films were achieved through sequential transfer of the monolayers to a glass slide substrate. This method offers a modular and generalizable route to fabricate thin-films with inherent porosity and sub-micron thickness composed of a variety of MOF particles and functionalities.

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