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New remains of middle Miocene equids from the Cajon Valley Formation, San Bernardino National Forest, San Bernardino County, California, USA


New material of three equids is described from the middle Miocene Cajon Valley Formation in San Bernardino National Forest, San Bernardino County, California. The material includes teeth of Archaeohippus mourningi, Scaphohippus sumani, and Parahippus brevidens. Scaphohippus intermontanus is considered a junior subjective synonym of S. sumani. Parahippus brevidens is identified from an upper molar that closely resembles the morphology of the holotype as well as referred specimens of Pa. brevidens from the Mascall Formation in Oregon and the Temblor Formation in California. The presence of Pa. brevidens in the Cajon Valley Formation represents a geographic range extension for the taxon of over 400 km. Interesting ecological implications emerge for the Cajon Valley Formation when compared to the nearby Barstow Formation, including the presence of chalicotheres and apparent lack of Hypohippus affinis and Megahippus mckennai.

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