Atomic Structure of (111) SrTiO3/Pt Interfaces
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Atomic resolution high-angle annular dark-field imaging (HAADF) in scanning transmission electron microscopy was used to investigate the interface atomic structure of epitaxial, (111) oriented SrTiO3 films on epitaxial Pt electrodes grown on (0001) sapphire. The cube-on-cube orientation relationship of SrTiO3 on Pt was promoted by the use of a Ti adhesion layer underneath the Pt electrode. While a Ti-rich Pt surface was observed before SrTiO3 growth, HAADF images showed an atomically abrupt SrTiO3/Pt interface with no interfacial layers. The SrTiO3 films contained two twin variants that were related by a 180° rotation about the surface normal. HAADF images showed two different interface atomic arrangements for the two twins. The role of Ti in promoting (111) epitaxy and the implications for the dielectric properties are discussed.