Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

What enhances the development of emotion understanding in young children? A longitudinal study of interpersonal predictors.

  • Author(s): Kårstad, Silja B
  • Wichstrøm, Lars
  • Reinfjell, Trude
  • Belsky, Jay
  • Berg-Nielsen, Turid S
  • et al.
Abstract

We studied potential determinants of the development of children's emotion understanding (EU) from age 4 to 6 in a Norwegian community sample (N = 974) using the Test of Emotion Comprehension. Interpersonal predictors included the accuracy of parental mentalization, parental emotional availability, and teacher-reported child social skills. Intrapersonal child factors were child gender and verbal skills. Overall, children's EU increased significantly over time. After adjusting for child gender, age-4 EU, and parental socio-economic status, greater child verbal and social skills and greater parental mentalization each uniquely predicted growth in EU. Results are discussed in terms of theory and research on children's EU and parents' emotion socialization.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View