Two-Dimensional Electronic–Vibrational Spectroscopy of Coupled Molecular Complexes: A Near-Analytical Approach
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.9b00588
This work presents theoretical calculations of the two-dimensional electronic-vibrational (2DEV) spectrum of a vibronically coupled molecular dimer using a near-analytical method. In strongly coupled dimers, where the IR mode is resonant with the electronic energy gap between the excitons, multiple infrared transitions become allowed that are forbidden in weakly coupled systems that have a nonresonant IR mode. This formalism enables the coherences and population contributions to be explored separately and allows efficient calculation of relaxation rates between the vibronic states. At short times, we find strong contributions of vibronic coherences to the 2DEV spectra. They decay fairly rapidly, giving rise to strong population signals. Although the interpretation of 2DEV spectra is considerably more complex than that for weakly coupled systems, the richness of the spectra and the necessity to consider both visible and infrared transition moments suggest that such analysis will be very valuable in characterizing the role of vibronic effects in ultrafast molecular dynamics.