Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Synergy between mu/delta-opioid receptors mediates adenosine release from spinal cord synaptosomes.

  • Author(s): Cahill, CM;
  • White, TD;
  • Sawynok, J
  • et al.
Abstract

Morphine releases adenosine from the spinal cord and this contributes to spinal antinociception. The present study examined possible interactions between mu- and subclasses of delta-opioid receptors in the release of adenosine. Nanomolar (10(-8), 10(-9) M) concentrations of morphine release adenosine from spinal cord synaptosomes under conditions of partial depolarization with elevated K+, and this component of release is mediated by activation of mu-opioid receptors. Subnanomolar (10(-10), 10(-11) M) concentrations of the mu-opioid receptor agonists morphine, [N-MePhe3,D-Pro4]morphiceptin, and [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly5-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO) have minimal effects on the release of adenosine from the spinal cord. However, [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE), a delta 1-opioid receptor agonist, and [D-Ala2,Cys4]deltorphin, a delta 2-opioid receptor agonist, at doses which exhibit no intrinsic effects (10(-8) and 10(-7) M), shifted the dose-response curve for mu-opioid receptor-evoked adenosine release to the left in a dose-dependent manner. DPDPE was more potent than [D-Ala2,Cys4]deltorphin when combined with the highly selective mu-opioid receptor agonist [N-MePhe3,D-Pro4]morphiceptin, but these agents showed similar activity with the less selective agonists DAMGO and morphine. Simultaneous activation of mu- and delta-opioid receptors generates a synergistic release of adenosine from spinal cord synaptosomes. Although agonists for both delta 1- and delta 2-opioid receptor subtypes produce this response, the delta 1-opioid receptor agonist is more potent at eliciting this effect when the most selective mu-opioid receptor ligand is used.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View