Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Observed Temperature Effects on Hourly Residential Electric Load Reduction in Response to
an Experimental Critical Peak Pricing Tariff
- Author(s): Herter, Karen B.
- McAuliffe, Patrick K.
- Rosenfeld, Arthur H.
- et al.
The goal of this investigation was to characterize the manual and automated response of residential customers to high-price "critical" events dispatched under critical peak pricing tariffs tested in the 2003-2004 California Statewide Pricing Pilot. The 15-month experimental tariff gave customers a discounted two-price time-of-use rate on 430 days in exchange for 27 critical days, during which the peak period price (2 p.m. to 7 p.m.) was increased to about three times the normal time-of-use peak price. We calculated response by five-degree temperature bins as the difference between peak usage on normal and critical weekdays. Results indicated that manual response to critical periods reached -0.23 kW per home (-13 percent) in hot weather (95-104.9oF), -0.03 kW per home (-4 percent) in mild weather (60-94.9oF), and -0.07 kW per home (-9 percent) during cold weather (50-59.9oF). Separately, we analyzed response enhanced by programmable communicating thermostats in high-use homes with air-conditioning. Between 90oF and 94.9oF, the response of this group reached -0.56 kW per home (-25 percent) for five-hour critical periods and -0.89 kW/home (-41 percent) for two-hour critical periods.