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Implications of serial coronary computed tomography angiography in the evaluation of coronary plaque progression.


Purpose of review

The purpose is to review the use of coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography to assess coronary plaque burden/progression and to discuss about recent clinical trials that have utilized this imaging modality to study the effect of new pharmacotherapies on plaque burden/progression.

Recent findings

There are numerous clinical trials that have utilized coronary CT angiography to demonstrate the potential benefits of statins, apixaban, rivaroxaban, aged garlic extract, biologic agents, and omega-3 fatty acids to reduce coronary plaque progression. Coronary CT angiography can identify high-risk plaques and can also quantify total plaque burden, both of which are independent risk factors to predict major adverse cardiac events.


Coronary heart disease remains one of the leading cause of mortality in the world. Utilizing coronary CT angiography, it is possible to identify rupture-prone plaques and also to quantify the total plaque burden. New pharmacotherapies that have the potential to reduce plaque progression have been used in clinical trials and these trials have utilized coronary CT angiography to track coronary atheroma progression. In future, we will see frequent utilization of coronary CT angiography to track coronary atheroma.

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