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High-temperature phonon-mediated superconductivity in monolayer Mg2B4C2


AbstractA two-dimensional material – Mg2B4C2, belonging to the family of the conventional superconductor MgB2, is theoretically predicted to exhibit superconductivity with critical temperature Tc estimated in the 47–48 K range (predicted using the McMillian-Allen-Dynes formula) without any tuning of external parameters such as doping, strain, or substrate-induced effects. The origin of such a high intrinsic Tc is ascribed to the presence of strong electron-phonon coupling and large density of states at the Fermi level. This system is obtained after replacing the chemically active boron-boron surface layers in a MgB2 slab by chemically inactive boron-carbon layers. Hence, the surfaces of this material are inert. Our calculations confirm the stability of 2D Mg2B4C2. We also find that the key features of this material remain essentially unchanged when its thickness is increased by modestly increasing the number of inner MgB2 layers.

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