Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Davis

UC Davis Previously Published Works bannerUC Davis

COVID-19 and venous thromboembolism risk in patients with sickle cell disease


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a life-threatening complication observed among patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and also among those with severe COVID-19 infection. Although prior studies show that patients with SCD are at risk of severe COVID-19 illness, it remains unclear if COVID-19 infection further increases VTE risk for this population. We hypothesized that patients with SCD hospitalized for COVID-19 would have higher VTE rates than those hospitalized for other causes. Using electronic health record data from a multisite research network, TriNetX, we identified 2 groups of patients with SCD hospitalized during 2020: (1) with COVID-19 and (2) without COVID-19. We compared VTE rates using risk ratios estimated based on adjusted Poisson regression model with log link and robust error variances. Of the 281 SCD patients hospitalized with COVID-19 and 4873 SCD patients hospitalized without COVID-19 , 35 (12.46%) and 418 (8.58%) had incident VTE within 6 months of the index hospitalization respectively. After adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics, no significant differences in VTE rates within 6 months were found between the 2 groups (adjusted relative risk, 1.06 [95% confidence interval, 0.79-1.41]). These data suggest that hospitalization with COVID-19 does not further increase VTE risk in patients with SCD.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View