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Bilateral External Ventricular Drain Placement and Intraventricular Irrigation Combined with Concomitant Serial Prone Patient Positioning: A Novel Treatment for Gravity-Dependent Layering in Bacterial Ventriculitis.

  • Author(s): Chan, Andrew K;
  • Birk, Harjus S;
  • Yue, John K;
  • Winkler, Ethan A;
  • McDermott, Michael W
  • et al.
Abstract

A feared complication of ventricular access for drainage or shunting is ventriculitis. Early diagnosis and treatment is vital to prevent morbidity and mortality. Efficacy of directed antibiotic therapy in ventriculitis is limited by increasing multidrug resistant microorganisms and insufficient systemic antibiotic absorption into the cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment may involve intravenous and/or intrathecal antibiotics as well as external ventricular drainage. We present the first case report suggesting a potential role of a novel technique - direct ventricular catheter-mediated continuous saline irrigation and serial prone patient positioning - to treat a fulminant bacterial ventriculitis. This novel technique promotes egress of purulence from the ventricles and may result in more rapid control of intraventricular infectious burden.

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