Femtosecond laser induced structural dynamics and melting of Cu (111) single crystal. An ultrafast time-resolved x-ray diffraction study
- Author(s): Li, Runze
- Ashour, Omar A
- Chen, Jie
- Elsayed-Ali, HE
- Rentzepis, Peter M
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1063/1.4975198
Femtosecond, 8.04 KeV x-ray pulses are used to probe the lattice dynamics of 150 nm Cu (111) single crystal on mica substrate irradiated with 400 nm, 100 fs laser pulses. For pump fluencies below the damage and melting threshold, we observed lattice contraction due to the formation of a blast force, and coherent acoustic phonons with a period of ~69 ps. At larger pump fluence, solid to liquid phase transition, annealing, and recrystallization were measured in real time by monitoring the intensity evolution of the probing fs x-ray rocking curves and agreed with theoretical simulation results. The experimental data suggest the melting process is a purely thermal phase transition. This study provides, in real time, an ultrafast time-resolved detailed description of the significant processes that occurs as a result of a femtosecond light-pulse interacts with the Cu (111) crystal surface.