Translating a stress management intervention for rural Latina breast cancer survivors: The Nuevo Amanecer-II
- Author(s): Santoyo-Olsson, Jasmine
- Stewart, Anita L.
- Samayoa, Cathy
- Palomino, Helen
- Urias, Aday
- Gonzalez, Nayeli
- Torres-Nguyen, Alma
- Coleman, LaVerne
- Escalera, Cristian
- Totten, Vicken Y.
- Ortiz, Carmen
- Nápoles, Anna Maria
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224068
Adapt a cognitive-behavioral stress management program (Nuevo Amanecer or NA) to be generalizable to rural, low literacy Spanish-speaking Latinas with breast cancer survivors at all phases of survivorship.Methods
Apply the Transcreation Framework, a community-engaged translational model, to develop the adapted program (Nuevo Amanecer or NA-II), design a randomized controlled trial for community settings, identify recruiters and interventionists, and recruit participants into the trial.Results
Adaptations included expanding the program from eight to ten weeks, simplifying materials, and increasing skills practice. We added stress management videos, healthy lifestyles information, and survivorship information. Interventionists were trained Latina breast cancer survivors. All core components of NA were retained in NA-II including managing the impact of cancer, information on breast cancer and its treatment, finding cancer information, getting support, managing thoughts, stress management techniques, and setting goals. Participants receive a program manual. Each session includes a review of that week’s content using the manual, practicing a stress-management skill, setting a specific goal, and reviewing videos. Spanish-speaking Latinas with non-metastatic breast cancer were recruited by community recruiters. Of 231 women approached, 24% refused, 10% were ineligible, and 153 (66%) were randomized to the intervention or a wait-list control group. The sample was vulnerable: 69% had < high school education, more than half had only Medicaid or no insurance, 91% was foreign born, and 48% reported financial hardship in the past year.Conclusions
Applying the Transcreation Framework to engage stakeholders in designing community-based RCTs enhanced congruence with community contexts and recruitment of this vulnerable population.