The sedimentation of flexible filaments: Trajectories, particle clouds and a buckling instability
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The sedimentation of flexible filaments: Trajectories, particle clouds and a buckling instability

  • Author(s): Manikantan, Harishankar
  • Li, Lei
  • Saintillan, David
  • Spagnolie, Saverio E
  • et al.
Abstract

In this fluid dynamics video we explore an array of different possible dynamics for a flexible filament sedimenting in a viscous fluid. The time-dependent shapes and trajectories of the filament are determined analytically and numerically by balancing viscous, elastic and gravitational forces in a slender-body theory for zero-Reynolds number flows. The dynamics are characterized by a single dimensionless elasto-gravitation number. The video shows the process of filament relaxation and reorientation, the formation of particle clouds, and finally a buckling instability.

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