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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Application Of Materials Characterization Techniques For The Technical Examination Of Thirteenth Century Cypriot Wall Paintings

  • Author(s): Kyriacou, Haroula Stephanie
  • Advisor(s): Kakoulli, Ioanna
  • et al.

This study identifies the techniques and materials of thirteenth century Byzantine Cypriot wall paintings in the Church of the Transfiguration at Sotera. The analysis of the paintings based on materials characterization techniques follows a multi-scale and multi-analytical approach combining non-invasive and non-destructive techniques including X-ray fluorescence (XRF), fiber optic reflectance spectroscopy (FORS), scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectromicroscopy (μRS). Results have indicated the use of local inorganic mineral pigments applied in a multilayered structure following conventions of Byzantine traditions. Findings include chromium-bearing compounds, as well as lithopone and lead-containing pigments, applied in post-Byzantine painting programs.

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