Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Energy Decomposition Analysis for Interactions of Radicals: Theory and Implementation at the MP2 Level with Application to Hydration of Halogenated Benzene Cations and Complexes between CO2-· and Pyridine and Imidazole.
- Author(s): Loipersberger, Matthias
- Lee, Joonho
- Mao, Yuezhi
- Das, Akshaya K
- Ikeda, Kevin
- Thirman, Jonathan
- Head-Gordon, Teresa
- Head-Gordon, Martin
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b08586
To study intermolecular interactions involving radicals at the correlated level, the energy decomposition analysis scheme for second-order Mo̷ller-Plesset perturbation theory based on absolutely localized molecular orbitals (ALMO-MP2-EDA) is generalized to unrestricted and restricted open-shell MP2. The benefit of restricted open-shell MP2 is that it can provide accurate binding energies for radical complexes where density functional theory can be error-prone due to delocalization errors. As a model application, the open-shell ALMO-MP2-EDA is applied to study the first solvation step of halogenated benzene radical cations, where both halogen- and hydrogen-bonded isomers are possible. We determine that the lighter halogens favor the hydrogen-bonded form, while the iodine-substituted species prefers halogen bonding due to larger polarizability and charge transfer at the halogen. As a second application, relevant to the activation of CO2 in photoelectrocatalysis, complexes of CO2-· interacting with both pyridine and imidazole are analyzed with ALMO-MP2-EDA. The results reveal the importance of charge transfer into the π* orbital of the heterocycle in controlling the stability of the carbamate binding mode, which is favored for pyridine but not for imidazole.