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Eddy correlation measurements of the air/sea flux of dimethylsulfide over the North Pacific Ocean

  • Author(s): Marandino, C. A
  • De Bruyn, W. J
  • Miller, S. D
  • Saltzman, E. S
  • et al.
Abstract

Shipboard measurements of air/sea fluxes and sea surface concentrations of dimethylsulfide (DMS) were made over the tropical and midlatitude North Pacific Ocean. Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry was used to measure DMS levels in ambient air and in air equilibrated with surface seawater drawn from a depth of 5 m. Air/sea fluxes were obtained using eddy covariance. Corrections and uncertainties involved in the calculation of fluxes from shipboard data are discussed. The surface ocean DMS concentrations measured during this study ranged from 1 to 10 nM, and atmospheric mixing ratios ranged from 20 to 1000 ppt. Air/sea fluxes ranged from 0.47 to 39 μmol m−2 d−1. Most of the variance in the fluxes can be accounted for by variations in sea surface concentration (37%) and wind speed (19%). Gas transfer coefficients derived from the measurements are generally consistent with those derived from deliberate inert gas tracer experiments and eddy covariance measurements of CO2. The gas transfer coefficients exhibit wind speed dependence, but the variance in the data is sufficiently large that they do not constrain the functionality of the wind speed dependence of gas exchange.

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