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Speckleplethysmographic (SPG) Estimation of Heart Rate Variability During an Orthostatic Challenge.

  • Author(s): Dunn, Cody E
  • Monroe, Derek C
  • Crouzet, Christian
  • Hicks, James W
  • Choi, Bernard
  • et al.
Abstract

Heart rate variability (HRV) provides insight into cardiovascular health and autonomic function. Electrocardiography (ECG) provides gold standard HRV measurements but is inconvenient for continuous acquisition when monitored from the extremities. Optical techniques such as photoplethysmography (PPG), often found in health and wellness trackers for heart rate measurements, have been used to estimate HRV peripherally but decline in accuracy during increased physical stress. Speckleplethysmography (SPG) is a recently introduced optical technique that provides benefits over PPG, such as increased signal amplitude and reduced susceptibility to temperature-induced vasoconstriction. In this research, we compare SPG and PPG to ECG for estimation of HRV during an orthostatic challenge performed by 17 subjects. We find that SPG estimations of HRV are highly correlated to ECG HRV for both time and frequency domain parameters and provide increased accuracy over PPG estimations of HRV. The results suggest SPG measurements are a viable alternative for HRV estimation when ECG measurements are impractical.

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